Species of the medicinal plants garden

1 Plants with cardiovascular active compounds
       
1a Cardiaca    
for improved heart performance, strengthening of the heart muscle, against nervous heart issues
       
  Adonis aestivalis                           summer pheasant's-eye Ranunculaceae
  Adonis amurensis                         Amur adonis Ranunculaceae
  Adonis annua                               autumn pheasant's-eye Ranunculaceae
  Adonis vernalis                             spring pheasant's eye Ranunculaceae
  Erysimum cheiri                       wallflower Brassicaceae
  Convallaria majalis                      lily-of-the-valley Asparagaceae
  Crataegus laevigata midland hawthorn Rosaceae
  Crataegus monogyna single-seeded hawthorn Rosaceae
  Digitalis grandiflora                     big-flowered foxglove Plantaginaceae
  Digitalis lanata                             woolly foxglove Plantaginaceae
  Digitalis lutea                               small yellow foxglove Plantaginaceae
  Digitalis purpurea                        common foxglove Plantaginaceae
  Helleborus niger                              Christmas rose Ranunculaceae
  Helleborus viridis                         green hellebore Ranunculaceae
  Leonurus cardiaca motherwort Lamiaceae
       
1b Antianginals (to widen coronary arteries)  
 e.g. in case of angina pectoris, asthma, spasms
       
  Ammi majus bishop's weed Apiaceae
  Ammi visnaga toothpick-plant Apiaceae
  Ginkgo biloba ginkgo Ginkgogaceae
  Vinca minor lesser periwinkle Apocynaceae
       
1c Antiarrhythmics for the treatment of arrythmia
increasing blood pressure, e.g. tea mixtures  
       
  Cytisus scoparius common broom Fabaceae
       
1d Blood pressure agents    
 Eph. = increasing, Rhod. = decreasing  
       
  Allium sativum garlic Amaryllidaceae
  Ephedra distachya ephedra Ephedraceae
  Rhododendron ferrugineum        rusty-leaved alpenrose Ericaceae
  Rhododendron ponticum             Rhododendron Ericaceae
       
2 Plants with vein strengthening effects
       
  Aesculus hippocastanum horse-chestnut Sapindaceae
  Fagopyrum esculentum common buckwheat Polygonaceae
  Galium odoratum sweetscented bedstraw Rubiaceae
  Melilotus altissimus tall yellow sweetclover Fabaceae
  Melilotus officinalis common melilot Fabaceae
  Solidago canadensis Canadian goldenrod Asteraceae
  Solidago virgaurea European goldenrod Asteraceae
  Vitis vinifera common grape vine Vitaceae 
       
3 Plants with effects on the bronchial system  
  and against common cold    
       
3a Antiasthmatics    
Plants with effects against asthma    
       
  Ammi visnaga toothpick-plant Apiaceae
  Datura stramonium                      jimsonweed Solanaceae
  Ephedra distachya ephedra Ephedraceae
       
3b Antitussives    
Plants with effects against cough    
       
  Althaea officinalis marsh-mallow Malvaceae
  Asarum europaeum hazelwort Aristolochiaceae
  Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Apiaceae
  Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice Fabaceae
  Gypsophila paniculata panicled baby's-breath Caryophyllaceae
  Hedera helix common ivy Araliaceae
  Malva neglecta roundleaf mallow Malvaceae
  Malva sylvestris common mallow Malvaceae
  Papaver somniferum                    opium poppy Papaveraceae
  Pimpinella anisum Anise Apiaceae
  Pinus sylvestris Scots pine Pinaceae
  Plantago lanceolata narrowleaf plantain Plantaginaceae
  Primula elatior true oxlip Primulaceae
  Primula veris common cowslip Primulaceae
  Pulmonaria officinalis   common lungwort Boraginaceae
  Saponaria officinalis common soapwort Caryophyllaceae
  Thymus serpyllum wild thyme Lamiaceae
  Thymus vulgaris common thyme Lamiaceae
  Tilia platyphyllos large-leaved linden Malvaceae 
  Tropaeolum majus garden nasturtium Tropaeolaceae
  Tussilago farfara coltsfoot Asteraceae
  Verbascum phlomoides mullein Scrophulariaceae
       
3c Plants with effects against common cold  
       
  Elaeagnus rhamnoides  common seabuckthorn Eleagnaceae
  Potentilla erecta tormentil Rosaceae
  Sambucus nigra black elder Adoxaceae
  Salvia officinalis common sage Lamiaceae
  Salvia fruticosa  Greek sage Lamiaceae
  Tilia platyphyllos large-leaved linden Malvaceae
       
4 Plants with effects on the gastrointenstinal tract  
       
4a Amara    
       
  Achillea millefolium common yarrow Asteraceae
  Acorus calamus sweet flag or calamus Acoraceae
  Artemisia absinthium absinthe wormwood Asteraceae
  Artemisia vulgaris common wormwood Asteraceae
  Centaurea benedicta St. Benedict's thistle Asteraceae
  Centaurium erythraea common centaury Gentianaceae
  Cichorium intybus common chicory Asteraceae
  Gentiana asclepiadea willow gentian Gentianaceae
  Gentiana lutea great yellow gentian Gentianaceae
  Marrubium vulgare white horehound Lamiaceae
  Menyanthes trifoliata bogbean Menyanthaceae
       
4b Carminatives  
       
  Anethum graveolens Dill Apiaceae
  Carum carvi Caraway Apiaceae
  Coriandrum sativum Coriander Apiaceae
  Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Apiaceae
  Melissa officinalis lemon balm Lamiaceae
  Mentha aquatica  watermint Lamiaceae
  Mentha arvensis Japanese mint Lamiaceae
  subsp. haplocalyx    
  Mentha arvensis field mint Lamiaceae
  Mentha longifolia horse mint Lamiaceae
  Mentha x piperita peppermint Lamiaceae
  Mentha pulegium pennyroyal Lamiaceae
  Mentha x rotundifolia round-leaf mint Lamiaceae
  Mentha spicata spearmint Lamiaceae
  Mentha spicata var.crispa crisp mint Lamiaceae
       
4c Ulcustherapeutics, Antiphlogistics
       
  Atropa belladonna                      belladonna Solanaceae
  Chamaemelum nobile Roman chamomile Asteraceae
  Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice Fabaceae
  Matricaria chamomilla chamomile Asteraceae
  Scopolia carniolica                      henbane bell Solanaceae
       
5 Plants with adstringent compounds,
   Antidiarrhetics    
       
  Agrimonia eupatoria common agrimony Rosaceae
  Castanea sativa  sweet chestnut Fagaceae
  Hamamelis virginiana American witch-hazel Hamamelidaceae
  Juglans regia common walnut Juglandaceae
  Potentilla anserina common silverweed Rosaceae
  Potentilla erecta tormentil Rosaceae
  Quercus robur  common oak Fagaceae
  Rubus fruticosus blackberry Rosaceae
  Salvia officinalis common sage Lamiaceae
  Salvia fruticosa  Greek Sage Lamiaceae
  Vaccinium myrtillus blueberry Ericaceae
       
6 Plants with laxative compounds, Laxatives
       
  Astracantha gummifera tragacanth Fabaceae
  Frangula alnus                            alder buckthorn Rhamnaceae
  Frangula purshiana cascara buckthorn Rhamnaceae
  Fraxinus ornus manna ash Oleaceae
  Linum usitatissimum common flax Linaceae
  Plantago afra flea seed plantain Plantaginaceae
  Sinopodophyllum hexandrum Indian may apple Berberidaceae
  Podophyllum peltatum                 mayapple Berberidaceae
  Rhamnus cathartica                  common buckthorn Rhamnaceae
  Rheum officinale Chinese rhubarb Polygonaceae
  Rheum palmatum ornamental rhubarb Polygonaceae
  Rheum rhabarbarum  rhubarb Polygonaceae
  (rhaponticum)    
  Ricinus communis                        castor bean Euphorbiaceae
  Sorbus aucuparia rowan Rosaceae
  Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek Fabaceae
       
7 Plants with effects on liver and gall bladder
       
  Artemisia absinthium absinthe wormwood Asteraceae
  Beta vulgaris beet Amaranthaceae
  Chelidonium majus                      greater celandine Papaveraceae
  Cynara scolymus globe artichoke Asteraceae
  Helichrysum arenarium dwarf everlast Asteraceae
  Mentha x piperita peppermint Lamiaceae
  Silybum marianum Saint Mary's thistle Asteraceae
  Taraxacum officinale common dandelion Asteraceae
       
8 Plants with effects on bladder and kidney  
       
  Arctostaphylos nevadensis pinemat manzanita Ericaceae
  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi kinnikinnick Ericaceae
  Asparagus officinalis asparagus Asparagaceae
  Bergenia crassifolia heart-leaved bergenia Saxifragaceae
  Betula pendula European white birch Betulaceae
  Betula pubescens moor birch Betulaceae
  Cucurbita pepo Squash Cucurbitaceae
  Epilobium angustifolium rosebay willowherb Onagraceae
  Epilobium parviflorum smallflower hairy willowherb Onagraceae
  Equisetum arvense field horsetail Equisetaceae
  Equisetum palustre                      marsh horsetail Equisetaceae
  Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice Fabaceae
  Herniaria glabra smooth rupturewort Caryophyllaceae
  Juniperus communis common juniper Cupressaceae
  Levisticum officinale Lovage Apiaceae
  Ononis spinosa spiny restharrow Fabaceae
  Petroselinum crispum garden parsley Apiaceae
  Phaseolus vulgaris green bean Fabaceae
  Populus tremula common aspen Salicaceae
  Rubia tinctorum common madder Rubiaceae
  Solidago canadensis Canadian goldenrod Asteraceae
  Solidago virgaurea European goldenrod Asteraceae
  Tropaeolum majus garden nasturtium Tropaeolaceae
  Urtica dioica stinging nettle Urticaceae
  Urtica urens annual nettle Urticaceae
  Vaccinium vitis-idaea lingonberry Ericaceae
       
9 Plants with sedative compounds
       
  Avena sativa common oat Poaceae
  Centhranthus ruber red valerian Caprifoliaceae
  Corydalis cava hollowroot-birthwort Papaveraceae
  Humulus lupulus common hop Cannabaceae
  Hypericum perforatum perforate St John's-wort Clusiaceae
  Lavandula angustifolia true lavender Lamiaceae
  Melissa officinalis lemon balm Lamiaceae
  Papaver setigerum poppy of Troy Papaveraceae
  Papaver somniferum                    opium poppy Papaveraceae
  Passiflora edulis  passionfruit Passifloraceae
  Valeriana officinalis Valerian Caprifoliaceae
       
10 Plants with effects on the skin  
       
  Arnica chamissonis Chamisso arnica Asteraceae
  Arnica montana wolf's bane Asteraceae
  Brassica nigra black mustard Brassicaceae
  Calendula officinalis common marigold Asteraceae
  Capsicum annuum cayenne pepper Solanaceae
  Echinacea angustifolia narrow-leaved purple coneflower Asteraceae
  Echinacea pallida pale purple coneflower Asteraceae
  Echinacea purpurea purple coneflower Asteraceae
  Fumaria officinalis common fumitory Papaveraceae
  Gaultheria procumbens American wintergreen Ericaceae
  Hamamelis virginiana American witch-hazel Hamamelidaceae
  Heracleum sphondylium common hogweed Apiaceae
  Hypericum perforatum perforate St John's-wort Hypericaceae
  Juglans regia common walnut Juglandaceae
  Matricaria chamomilla  chamomile Asteraceae
  Quercus robur common oak Fagaceae
  Rosmarinus officinalis rosemary Lamiaceae
  Salix alba white willow Salicaceae
  Sinapis alba white mustard Brassicaceae
  Symphytum officinale common comfrey Boraginaceae
  Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek Fabaceae
  Viola tricolor Johnny Jump up Violaceae
       
11 Plants with antirheumatic effects
     (including group 10 plants)    
       
  Filipendula ulmaria meadowsweet Rosaceae
  Gaultheria procumbens American wintergreen Ericaceae
  Pinus sylvestris Scots pine Pinaceae
  Populus tremula common aspen Salicaceae
  Rosmarinus officinalis rosemary Lamiaceae
  Salix alba white willow Salicaceae
  Urtica dioica stinging nettle Urticaceae
       
12 Plants as source of starch and inulin  
       
  Avena sativa common oat Poaceae
  Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke Asteraceae
  Hordeum vulgare  Barley Poaceae
  Secale cereale Rye Poaceae
  Smallanthus sonchifolius yacón Asteraceae
  Solanum tuberosum potato Solanaceae
  Triticum aestivum Common wheat Poaceae
  Triticum dicoccon Emmer wheat Poaceae
  Triticum monococcum Einkorn wheat Poaceae
  Zea mays Maize, corn Poaceae
       
13 Poisonous plants    
       
  Aconitum lycoctonum         wolf's-bane Ranunculaceae
  Aconitum napellus  monk's-hood Ranunculaceae
  Agrostemma githago                    common corn-cockle Caryophyllaceae
  Aristolichia clematitis                  birthwort Aristolochiaceae
  Arum italicum                              Italian arum Araceae
  Arum maculatum                         snakeshead Araceae
  Atropa belladonna                      belladonna Solanaceae
  Bryonia cretica                             Cretan bryony Cucurbitaceae
  Cicuta virosa                                 northern water hemlock Apiaceae
  Colchicum autumnale                  autumn crocus Colchicaceae
  Conium maculatum                     poison hemlock Apiaceae
  Consolida regalis                          field larkspur Ranunculaceae
  Daphne mezereum                        February daphne Thymelaeaceae
  Datura stramonium                      jimsonweed Solanaceae
  Delphinium elatum                      alpine delphinium Ranunculaceae
  Euonymus europaeus                   European spindle Celastraceae
  Heracleum mantegazzianum       giant hogweed Apiaceae
  Hyoscyamus niger                        black henbane Solanaceae
  Juniperus sabina                          savin juniper Cupressaceae
  Kalmia latifolia                             mountain laurel Ericaceae
  Laburnum anagyroides                golden rain Fabaceae
  Lactuca virosa                              poisonous lettuce Asteraceae
  Lolium temulentum                     poison darnel Poaceae
  Lonicera caprifolium                   Italian woodbine Caprifoliaceae
  Lonicera xylosteum                      fly honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae
  Mandragora officinarum             mandrake Solanaceae
  Nicandra physalodes                   apple-of-Peru Solanaceae
  Nicotiana glauca                             tree tobacco Solanaceae
  Nicotiana tabacum                       tobacco Solanaceae
  Oenanthe crocata                         water dropwort Apiaceae
  Paris quadrifolia                          true lover's knot Melanthiaceae
  Phytolacca acinosa                       Indian poke Phytolaccaceae
  Phytolacca americana                  American pokeweed Phytolaccaceae
  Polygonatum multiflorum            Solomon's seal Asparagaceae
  Polygonatum odoratum                angular Solomon's seal Asparagaceae
  Polygonatum verticillatum          whorled Solomon's-seal Asparagaceae
  Prunus laurocerasus                    cherry laurel Rosaceae
  Anemone pulsatilla                        pasque flower Ranunculaceae
  Ranunculus acris                         tall buttercup Ranunculaceae
  Ranunculus sceleratus                 celery-leaved buttercup Ranunculaceae
  Ricinus communis                        castor bean Euphorbiaceae
  Sambucus ebulus                   dwarf elder Adoxaceae
  Jacobaea vulgaris                          common ragwort Asteraceae
  Senecio ovatus                              wood ragwort Asteraceae
  Solanum dulcamara                     bittersweet nightshade Solanaceae
  Solanum americanum                          American black nightshade Solanaceae
  Taxus baccata                                 European yew Taxaceae
  Thuja occidentalis                             northern white-cedar Cupressaceae
  Veratrum album                           white hellebore Melanthiaceae
  Veratrum nigrum                         black false hellebore Melanthiaceae
  Vincetoxicum hirundinaria  white swallow-wort Apocynaceae